عکس هدر

Introduction

In 1858, UCLES was established as one of the departments in Cambridge University with the aim of standardizing English language instruction at schools and administering exams in a variety of fields, including academic and vocational areas.

Currently, UCLES is known as Cambridge ESOL and is in charge of administering exams for English language learners. Moreover, as a department in one of the most prestigious universities in the world, UCLES administers language exams at the highest possible levels of proficiency. These exams assess all four language skills of listening, speaking, writing and reading in accordance with language learners' need in real life. At present, UCLES exams are administered at 5 major levels as follows:

KET: Key English Test

PET: Preliminary English Test

FCE: First Certificate in English

CAE: Certificate in Advanced English

CPE: Certificate of Proficiency in English

 

KET (Key English Test)

The KET Exam is the first of the five major language exams (for adults) administered by Cambridge University. At this level, English users are able to gather information and pursue their affairs in their own or a foreign country using English as a medium of communication with native as well as non-native speakers.

PET (Preliminary English Test)

Pet is the second of the five major language exams administered by Cambridge University. In terms of proficiency assessment, PET is an intermediate-level exam aiming at evaluating participants' capabilities in dealing with everyday issues using spoken as well as written forms of communication. At this level, English users are able to gather information and pursue their affairs in their own or in a foreign country using English as a medium of communication with native as well as non-native speakers.

FCE (First Certificate in English)

FCE is the third of the five major language exams administered by Cambridge University. FCE is an upper-intermediate level exam with the aim of evaluating learners' speaking and writing abilities in vocational as well as academic areas.

CAE (Certificate in Advanced English)

CAE is the fourth of the five major language proficiency levels for the exams administered by Cambridge University. CAE is an advanced-level exam aiming to evaluate applicants' spoken as well written proficiency in specialized and academic areas.

CPE (Certificate Proficiency in English)

CAE is the fifth of the five major language proficiency levels for the exams administered by Cambridge University. CPE is an advanced level exam aiming to evaluate applicants' spoken as well written proficiency in specialized and academic areas.

History

Since 1993, Cambridge University has been pursuing a plan in regard to the evaluation of the language proficiency levels of children and young adults (age 7 to 12) learning English as a second language. The related exams are referred to as YLE exams.

YLE exams consist of three levels (Starters, Movers, and Flyers), and have been designed so as to provide a comprehensive method for the assessment of elementary-level learners of the English language. The language level of these tests can be regarded as the first step toward Cambridge University’s main proficiency tests such as KET or PET.

Objectives

YLE exams have the following objectives:

1.        Providing purposive, relevant samples of language use

2.       Providing precise, objective evaluation

3.       Creating a positive mental image of international tests for children

4.       Enhancing effective learning and teaching methods

5.       Motivating learners to continue learning

The Administration of YLE Tests

The administration of YLE Exams provides individuals interested with the opportunity to receive YLE international certificates related to their level of proficiency while learning the language. It should be noted that applicants between the ages of 7 to 12 can take this exam regardless of the institute in which they are learning English.

Introduction to Cambridge YLE Exams

With regard to different levels of YLE courses, two sets of exams are administered in this department:

1.        Mock YLE: Starters, Movers, Flyers

2.       The Actual Examination

 

YLE (Mock)

Individuals interested in taking this exam and obtaining the intended certificate can first sit for the YLE Mock exam, which is either one of the previously-administered YLE exams or a sample exam developed by Cambridge University. This exam aims to assess applicants' readiness for taking the actual exam. The total exam time, depending on the level, is between 90 to 120 minutes. This exam consists of two listening sections in addition to reading and writing sections.

YLE (Real)

Depending on the level, the exam time can range from 90 to 120 minutes. This exam consists of three sections: Listening, Reading & Writing, and Speaking.

Exam Date Notification

Applicants can be informed of the dates of the above-mentioned exams by visiting the ILI website (under Cambridge Exams) or one of the ILI centers.

What to Bring on Exam Day

Applicants need to bring black pencils (more than one is advised), a pencil sharpener, an eraser, and a pack of colored pencils containing the following colors:

-          Black                                     - Pink

-          Blue                                       - Purple

-          Brown                                  - Red

-          Green                                   - Yellow

-          Gray                                       - Orange

Result Announcement

Results are usually announced 4 to 8 weeks after the administration of the exam.

BEC (Business English Certificate) has three levels (Preliminary, Vantage, Higher) pertinent to the skills for business English. These exams are intended for adults preparing to get into business or those already working in business. BEC Preliminary, BEC Vantage and BEC Higher are respectively placed under the second, third and fourth levels among the Cambridge University five major proficiency levels.

An exam on teaching specialized skills for language teaching, TKT (Teaching Knowledge Test) is designed for those interested in teaching, with the aim of developing the teaching knowledge of instructors for different age groups from primary to adults. This test helps instructors in the following areas:

-          Different teaching methods

-          Teaching language

-          Utilizing various resources

-          Issues in lesson design and planning

-          Classroom management in different situations

Course Content

This course consists of three parts:

1.        Language, the history of teaching and learning language, including:

a.       Language and language skills

b.      The history of language teaching

c.       The history of language learning

2.       Designing lessons and using resources for language teaching:

a.       Designing and preparing one or more lessons consecutively

b.      The selection and use of educational resources and materials

3.       Language teaching and learning processes

a.       Teachers' language and learners' language in the classroom

b.      Classroom management

Audience

The audience of this course are English language teachers at basic, intermediate and advanced levels, teachers who have recently started their teaching careers, teachers interested in gaining state-of-the-art knowledge in teaching as well as teachers who have taught other subjects and are willing to teach language too.

Exam Content

This exam consists of three sections as follows:

Module 1: Language and background to language learning and teaching

Module 2: Planning lessons and using resources for language teaching

Module 3: Managing teaching and learning process